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    在雅思考试中如何写出好文章_雅思文章出处

    时间:2018-09-03 来源:工作范文网 本文已影响 工作范文网手机站

      在多年的雅思教学中,我发现学生在实际考试中面临着不同的写作障碍,影响了考试成绩。归纳起来大致有以下几个方面:真情流露,无从下笔有的考生在考试时见到作文题,顿感思路塞车,好像有许多话要说,但又不知究竟应从哪里写起。明智的做法是“投其所好、尽情发挥。

      在雅思考试中如何写出好文章

      第一,使用不同的词汇

      a.使用同义词,比如以下的一些写作高频词汇的同义词,你一定要掌握,出现的尤为频繁。

      important→essential, crucial, vital, significant,

      think→claim, believe, consider, deem, figure out, feel

      nowadays→currently, at present, now, recently, in recent years, these days

      b.改变词性,这是一种稍微难一些的方法,要求你的语法基础非常好,你才能灵活自如的运用。

      n. → v.

      Eg:When we look at a comparison between A and B…

      When we compare A and B…

      Adj. → n.

      There are a variety of solutions to the problem.

      There are various solutions to the problem.

      c. 使用不同的承接词。承接词在文章当中的使用相当频繁,不仅是段落和段落的连接,还包括句子和句子的连接。背住一些常用的承接词比你的改写将会有极大的作用。

      because of → due to, owing to, because, as, since, for

      but → however, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas

      so → therefore, hence, thus, consequently

      d.形容词的逆向表达。在某些形容词上进行修改,会达到非比寻常的效果。

      Eg: not as easy as…→ more difficult than…

      Not uncommon→ common

      The cheapest → the least expensive

    在雅思考试中如何写出好文章

      第二,使用不同的句型

      a. 改变词序。这是非常简单的一种方法,完全不用动脑筋就可以进行改写。常常将句子中的状语(包括状语从句)换位置。

      Eg: For many years, people have believed ….

      →People believed … for many years.

      After this program has been solved, … can continue.

      b. 主动语态和被动语态的互相替换

      Eg: Trained scientists performed this research.

      →This research was performed by trained scientists.

      c. 使用“there be” 句型,可以将一个简单句,马上变成一个加入定语从句或者分词的复杂句。

      Eg: Several computer programs can be used to solve this problem.

      →There are several computer programs that can be used to solve this problem.

      或 There are several computer programs used to solve this problem.

      d. 定语从句,分词和插入语的互相替换

      Eg: Study…, conducted by sociologists in 2004, shows that…

      →Study…, which was conducted by sociologists in 2004, shows that…

      Eg: This…, which is one of the most powerful … in the world, has…

      →This…, one of the most powerful… in the world, has…

      接下来,Cite,即引用。综合写作乃客观写作,只是一个旁观者的角度对这两篇文章的内容进行描述,因此,某观点是出自哪篇文章一定要说清楚。所以,下面的这些句型在综合写作中必不可缺。

      a. According to+noun.

      Eg: According to the passage/lecture/author/professor,…

      b. Subject+verbs of reporting +that clause

      Eg: The author tells/reports/suggests/explains/says/argues/states/indicates/claims/points out/thinks/believes that ...

      或 The speaker agrees/disagrees/rejects/disputes/challenges/takes a different view ...

      c. As is indicated/displayed/illustrated in the passage/lecture,...

      最后,Synthesize,也就是连接。具体来讲,就是承接词的使用是相当重要的,将文章当中的重要信息连接起来,体现作者对于两篇文章的理解正确,说明作者的思路清楚。由于综合写作是对两篇文章的比较,所以下面表对比和递进的承接词使用的最频繁。

      a.Transitional words showing contrast: however, on the other hand, in contrast, on the contrary

      b.Transitional words showing addition: moreover, furthermore, in addition, besides, as well

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