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    英语连词的用法总结详解:英语连词用法和总结

    时间:2018-09-03 来源:工作范文网 本文已影响 工作范文网手机站

      下面小编给大家总结了英语连词的用法,希望对大家的英语学习有帮助。

      并列连词与并列结构有:

      1、and 与or

      2、both …and 两者都

      3、not only…but (also), as well as不但…而且)

      4、neithe…nor 意思为"既不……也不……"

      比较and和or:

      1、并列结构中,or通常用于否定句,and用于肯定句。

      2、但有时and 也可用于否定句。

      表示选择的并列结构

      1、or 意思为"否则"。

      2、either…or 意思为"或者……或者……"。

      表示转折或对比

      1、but表示转折,while表示对比。

      2、not…but… 意思为"不是……而是……"

      表原因关系

      1、 for

      2、so, therefore

      比较so和suchsuch 是形容词,修饰名词或名词词组,so是副词,只能修饰形容词或副 词。so 还可与表示数量的形容词many,few,much, little连用,形成固定搭配。
     

      英语连词用法练习题

      1. —Oh, I failed again

      —Don’t lose heart. One more effort, ________ you will succeed.

      A. so that B. therefore C. however D. and

      2. ________ a difficult situation, so you should send him a message and give him some advice.

      A. As he is in B. He is in C. Being in D. He being in

      3. She said she would work it out herself, ________ ask me for help.

      A. and not to B. but not C. and prefer not D. rather than

      4. ________ enough time, but I couldn’t do it better.

      A. I was given B. Given C. To be given D. Though I was given

      5. —How can I wake up so early?

      —Set the alarm at 5 o’clock, ________ you’ll make it.

      A. but B. or C. and D. so

      6. For a person with reading habits, a printed page contains not only words ________ ideas, thoughts and feelings.

      A. yet B. and C. or D. but

      7. Information technology is taught in most schools, ________ we have entered the information society.

      A. so B. while C. still D. for

      8. English is understood all over the world ________ Turkey is spoken by only a few people outside Turkey itself.

      A. while B. when C. if D. as

      9. I was on the point of going to bed ________ Mr. Zhang rang.

      A. as B. when C. while D. and

      10. I asked him whether he had done all the work himself ________ whether he had had any assistance.

      A. and B. but C. nor D. or

      11. In some countries, ________ are called “public schools” are not owned by the public.

      A. which B. as C. what D. that

      12. ________ happens in the world makes us happy and sad by turns.

      A. That B. What C. Which D. Whether

      13. I read about this story in some book or other, does it matter ________ it was?

      A. where B. what C. how D. which

      14. One of the men present held the view ________ the book said was right.

      A. what that B. what C. that D. that what

      15. ________ I had walked for six hours, I was tired out.

      A. After B. Before C. When D. As

      16. Tom make up his mind to get a seat for the football match ________ it means standing in a queue all night.

      A. as if B. as though C. even if D. whatever

      17. The roof fell ________ he had time to dash into the house to save his baby.

      A. as B. after C. until D. before

      18. Doing your homework is a sure way to improve your test scores, and this is especially true ________ it comes to classroom tests.

      A. as B. since C. when D. after

      19. I have been keeping that photo ________ I can see it every day, as it always reminds me of my college days.

      A. which B. where C. whether D. when

      20. You may borrow this book ­­­ ________ you promise to give it back.

      A. in case B. so long as C. as if D. even if

      【答案解析】

      1. D. 考查“祈使句/名词+and+陈述句”句型。句意为:“再努力点,你就会成功的”。

      2. B. so(因此)是并列连词,引出一个表示结果的分句,前面应是一个表示原因的分句,而无需再用连词,排除A;C和D又不是句子,也错了。

      3. D. 因为rather than是对称连词,意为“而不”

      4. A. 因为but是并列连词,后面是个句子,前面也一定是个句子,而不是一个分词短语或不定式短语,更不能再用连词though,所以排除B、C和D。

      5. C. 考查“祈使句+and+陈述句”句型,意为“如果…就…”。虽然or也可用于此句型,但or是“否则、要不然”之意,如:Work hard, or you’ll fail. (努力学习,否则就会不及格。)

      6. D. 因为not only…but (also)…是固定搭配7. D. 因为句中的并列连词for表示原因,是对前面分句所述内容的解释或补充说明。

      8. A. 因为句中的并列连词while表示“对比或相反”。

      9. B. 因为句中的并列连词when = just at that time, 意为“这时(突然)”。

      10. D. 因为只有or才能表示选择,意为“(是…) 还是”。

      11. C。本题考查what引导主语从句,并在主语从句中作主语。句意为“在许多国家,所谓的“公立学校”并非公众拥有。

      12. B。本题考查引导主语从句的连接词。that引导主语从句只起连接作用,在从句中不作任何成分,无意义,但不能省略。what除引导主语从句外, 还在从句中作成分。which指一定范围内的“哪一个”;whether意为“是否”。根据句意“世上的事喜忧交替”可知答案为B13. D。该题考查宾语从句。可以看作是does it matter which book it was的省略。一定注意此题受母语干扰,很容易错选答案为A。只要抓住题干前一句I read about this story in some book or other的提示,就可知道是指一定范围内的“哪一个”,故答案为D。

      14. D。that引导同位语从句;what the book said是同位语从句中的主语。

      15. A。本题考查以after引导的时间状语从句,意为“在…之后”。句意为“步行了六小时后,我累坏了”。

      16. C。even if=even though,引导的让步状语从句,意为“即使, 尽管”,符合题意。

      17. D。本题考查before引导的时间状语从句,意为“在……之前”。句意为“他来不及冲进去救他的孩子,屋顶就塌了”。

      18. C。When it comes to. . . 是一固定句型,意为“当谈到……时,涉及”。句意为“做作业是提高考分的一个可靠方法,这在涉及到课堂测验时尤其正确”19. B。该题考查where引导的地点状语从句,表示“在…地方”。句意为“我一直把照片放在我每天都能看到的地方,因为它总使我回想起大学里的日子”。

      20. B。so long as=so long as, 意为“只要”,表示条件。句意为“只要你答应归还,你就可以把这书借走”。

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