• 个人简历制作
  • 个人简历模板
  • 个人简历范文
  • 个人简历表格
  • 个人简历封面
  • 英文简历
  • 当前位置: 工作范文网 > 简历 > 个人简历封面 > 正文

    英语单词发音规则全攻略 英语单词发音规则详解

    时间:2018-09-03 来源:工作范文网 本文已影响 工作范文网手机站

      我们每个人都希望说得一口流利的英语,但要说好英语,首先要说好单词,因此,单词的发音十分重要。现在小编给大家介绍一下英语单词的发音规则,希望大家可以说得一口标准流利的英语。

      开闭音节的概念

      开音节

      1)以发音的元音字母结尾的单节。 例:be,he。

      2)以辅音字母(r 除外)+不发音的e结尾的音节。 例:make,like。

      * 在重读的开音节中元音字母按字母名称读音。

      闭音节

      以一个或几个辅音字母(r 除外)结尾而中间只有一个元音字母的音节,称为闭音节。例:map,desk,is。

      * 在重读的闭音节中元音字母读做短元音。

    英语单词发音规则全攻略

      一、元音字母在重读音节中的读音

      元音字母 读音例词

      a 在开音节中 [ei] name plane Jane baby cake

      在闭音节中 [æ] bag dad hat map black back

      e 在开音节中 [i:] he these me Chinese

      在闭音节中 [e] bed let pen desk yes egg

      i 在开音节中 [ai] bike fly drive time nice kite

      在闭音节中 [i] fish big drink sit milk swim

      o 在开音节中 [ou] those close go hoe home no

      在闭音节中 [C] clock not box shop sock

      u 在开音节中 [ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday

      在闭音节中 [∧] bus cup jump much lunch

      在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super

      二、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

      元音字母 读音例词

      a [E]E China another woman breakfast

      [i] orange comrade village cabbage

      e [E] hundred student open weekend

      [i] chicken pocket begin children

      i [E]/[i] holiday beautiful family animal

      [ai] exercise satellite

      o [E] second tonight somebody welcome

      [Eu] also zero photo

      u [E] autumn difficult

      [ju:] popular congratulation January

      动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[ei]音,例如:operate

      u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue

      在非重读音节中,许多单词中的元音字母a e i 即可以读作[E]音,也可以读作[i]音。

      三、元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音

      元音字母 读音例词

      a在[w]音后面 [C] want what watch wash quality

      a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前 [α:] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

      i在-nd -ld和gh前 [ai] find child light high

      o在-st -ld前 [ou] most postcard old cold

      o在m n v th前 [∧] come monkey love mother

      四、-r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

      元音字组 读音例词

      ar

      ar在[w]音后面 [α:] car farm dark sharpener

      [C:] warm quarter towards

      or

      or在[w]音后面 [C:] forty morning short

      [E:] word worker worse

      er ir ur [E:] certainly bird Thursday

      辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音。

      例如: carry sorry hurry -r音节在非重读音节中通常读[E]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday

      五、-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

      元音字组 读音例词

      are [εE] care dare hare

      ere [iE] here mere

      ire [aiE] fire hire wire

      ure [juE] pure cure

      are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[E]音,例如:picture pleasure

      重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读[r]音。

      例如:parent zero story during inspirng

      某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象。

      例如:orange very American paragraph

      六、元音字组在重读音节中的读音

      元音字组 读音例词

      ai/ay [ei] afraid rain wait day play

      air [εE] air hair chair pair repair

      alal在f m前 [C] small ball talk wall all

      [C:l] always also salt almost

      [α:] half calm

      au/aw [C:] autumn daughter draw

      ea [i:] teach easy cheap please

      [e] heavy bread sweater weather

      [ei] break great

      ear [iE] hear dear near clear year

      [εE] bear pear wear swear

      [E:] earth learn early

      ee [i:] jeep week green three

      eer [iE] pioneer deer beer

      ei/ey [ei] eight neighbour they

      [i:] either key

      eu/ew在

      j l r s后 [ju:] new few newspaper

      [u:] flew brew jewelry

      ie/ei[s]音之后 [i:] piece field receive

      oa [ou] coat Joan boat goal

      oar/oor [C:] roar board door floor

      oi/oy [Ci] noise point boy toilet

      oo [u:] broom food tooth school

      [u] book look cook foot good

      ou/ow [au] flower house count down

      [ou] know row throw though

      [∧] young country enough

      [u:] group you soup

      our [C:] course your four

      [auE] our hour ours

      [E:] journey

      ui

      在j l r s后 [ju:i] fluid suicide tuition

      [u:] juice fruit suit

      七、非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音

      元音字组或字群 读音例词

      ai/ay ei/ey [i] Sunday foreign monkey

      ow [ou] yellow sparrow tomorrow

      元音字组在非重读音节中读[E]音或[i]。

      例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee

      -sion -tion [Fn] impression nation

      -sion在元音字母后 [Vn] vision decision occasion

      -tion在s后 [tFEn] question suggestion

      -sten [sn] listen

      -stle [sl] whistle

      -sure [VE] pleasure measure

      -ture [tFE] picture culture

      八、元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音

      复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读。

      例如:

      everyday[ei] handbag[æ] blackboard[C:]

      有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词。其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音。

      例如:

      sun太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday[i] 星期天

      holy神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday[i] 假日

      break中断 + fast[α:]斋戒 > breakfast[E] 早餐

      cup茶杯 + board木板[C:] > cupboard[E] 碗柜

      九、辅字组的读音

      辅字组 读音例词

      b [b] bike bus bag

      [/] bomb tomb

      c c在e前或在i/y前 [k] cake picture coat music

      [s] face decide cinema

      ch [tF] much chick rich teacher

      [k] school headache chemistry

      [F] machine

      -ck [k] cock pocket black knock

      d [d] doctor bread hand day

      -dge [dV] bridge fridge

      dr- [dr] children driver drink

      f [f] five four breakfast

      g g在e i/y前 [^] bag garden go

      [dV] orange large German

      gh [f] cough enough

      [/] light daughter high

      gu- -gue

      gu在非重读音节中 [^] guess league dialogue

      [^w] language anguish

      h [h] hot head house hand

      [/] hour honest

      j [dV] jeep jar joke join July

      k [k] kind bike skate make week

      kn- [n] knife know knock

      l [l] life milk school tall

      m [m] monkey come autumn

      -mn [m] autumn column solemn

      n n在[k] [g]音前 [n] not shine ten note

      [N] uncle thank hungry

      -ng [N] morning young wrong

      p [p] paper plane pig ship pen

      ph [f] elephant photo telephone

      q [k] Iraq

      qu- [kw] quality quite

      r [r] red rubber ruler

      s 在词首或清辅音前 元音字母间或浊辅音前 [s] sit sleep desk

      [z] music husband

      sc- [sk] scarlet

      [s] muscle science

      sh [F] she fish shirt wash

      t 在通常情况下在弱读字母ia ie io前 [t] ten letter meet

      [F] patient nation

      tch [tF] watch

      th在通常情况下

      在冠词 代词 介词 连词中

      在词尾-the -ther中 [θ] thin thirty method

      [T] the these with than

      [T] clothe fathe r weather

      tr- [tr] tree train country truck

      v [v] very voice love leave

      w [w] week win wake sweet wait

      [/] Answer two

      wh-

      wh-在字母o前 [w] what when white why

      [h] who whose whole

      x 在重读元音前 [ks] box text exercise

      [gz] example exist exact

      wr- [r] write

      y [j] yes yard yellow young

      z [z] puzzle zero zoo

    • 职场创业
    • 口才演讲
    • 电脑知识
    • 励志
    • 生活
    • 礼仪
    • 范文大全